What’s a court bond? It’s a way for courts to hold defendants and plaintiffs accountable for paying financial judgments. When courts require someone to pay and they either can’t or won’t, the person they’re responsible for paying may file a claim against the surety bond. The surety company backing the bond will pay for all valid claims, and then they will collect the amount of the claim (plus interest and fees) from the original bond holder. For the bond holder (known as the principal) court bonds work like a line of credit. And for the beneficiary of the bond (known as the obligee) bonds guarantee they will receive the damages they are owed.